Eye Diseases

The image to the left is one of a normal eye. This section provides general information about common eye problems. The information is © of the Optometry Association of Australia.

This section is NOT provided for “self diagnosis” and it is recommended that if you are concerned about your or a family members eyes you should contact us for an eye examination. Our Optometrist is able to bulk bill eye examinations for you (when eligible).


Are a cloudy areas that form in the lens of the eye. The lens is inside the eye and is normally clear. Poor vision results because the cloudiness interferes with light entering the eye. The opacities in the lens scatter the light, causing hazy vision.

Find out more about Cataracts >>


Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, transparent layer covering the surface of the inner eyelid and a portion of the front of the eye. This condition appears in many forms and affects people of all ages.

Find out more about Conjunctivitis >>

Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy:

About 700,000 Australians, or 4% of the population, have diabetes. Of these, more than 70% will develop some changes in their eyes within 15 years of diagnosis. Patients with diabetes are more likely to develop eye problems such as cataracts and glaucoma, but the effects it has on the retina is the main threat to vision.

Find out more about Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy >>

Dry Eye:

The tears your eyes normally produce are necessary for overall eye health and clear vision. Dry eye occurs when your eyes do not produce enough tears or produce tears which do not have the proper chemical composition.

Find out more about Dry Eye >>

Floaters / Spots:

Spots (often called floaters) are small, semi-transparent or cloudy specks or particles within the eye that become noticeable when they fall within the line of sight.

Find out more about Floaters & Spots >>


A condition in which the nerve cells which transmit information from the eye to the brain become damaged. This prevents visual information from getting from the retina in the eye to the brain.

Find out more about Glaucoma >>


Keratoconus (literally, conical cornea) is a thinning of the central zone of the cornea, the front clear window of the eye. As the cornea thins, the normal pressure within the eye makes the thinner area of the cornea bulge forward slightly.

Find out more about Keratoconus >>

Macula Degeneration (ARMD):

Is damage or breakdown of the macula. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue of the eye. The macula is a very small part of the retina, representing the central part of your vision.

Find out more about Macula Degeneration (ARMD) >>


(pronounced te-ri-gi-um, plural: Pterygia) Is a triangular-shaped lump of tissue which grows from the conjunctiva (the thin membrane which covers the white of the eye) on to the cornea.

Find out more about Pterygium >>

Virtreous Detachment:

This is a common degenerative change which occurs in one or both eyes of most people after middle age. It is where the vitreous jelly comes away from the back of the eye and is not usually caused by trauma of any kind.

Find out more about Virtreous Detachment >>